In the first 8 weeks of a puppy, they should not be separated from their mothers. Puppies are weaned around 6 to 7 weeks old. However, they should start eating solid foods at 3 to 4 weeks. A small amount of kibble soaked to a mush with warm water should be given to the puppy. From 6 to 8 weeks, feed the puppy 3 to 4 times a day, by then, gradually decrease the liquid. All moistened food should be replaced on a regular basis.
As the dog gets older, make sure it eats a complete and balanced diet. Adult dogs need at least 10 percent of daily calories and a minimum of 5.5 percent from fats, their diet can contain up to 50 percent carbohydrates, which include 2.5 to 4.5 percent of fiber.
Our dogs deserve a treat for being good, a good rule of thumb should limit treats, biscuits, and chews under 15 percent of the daily diet, or 10 percent for those who are given meat-based rewards.
Assess their activity level, they may need less or more than the recommended serving on the package label. Those dogs that receive a high-intensity exercise needs food that has a higher fat content. Dogs who have a serious illness, pregnancy, or nursing can increase the need for food to suffice their energy.
It depends on the owner and the dog’s preference on which food texture to serve. The best material to be used is stainless steel, glass or ceramic. Owners should avoid using plastic, it can shed toxins into the food or water, because it is porous, thus bacteria can build up in it.
The recommended daily serving is only a guide as requirements vary considerably from dog to dog. The daily serving should be adjusted according to the body condition of the dog. There are different nutritional needs and specific health concerns linked to the size of the dog.
Serve the daily amount of food if you are feeding two meals a day. If your dog has less than an hour of exercise a day, reduce the serving quantity by 10 percent.
Avoid foods that have list corn or meat by-products as the first ingredient, this is because meat should be the first ingredient. Some foods that are edible to humans can pose hazard to the dogs, because of their different metabolism. The following foods should be avoided:
- Alcoholic beverages
- Bones from fish, poultry, or other meat sources
- Cat food
- Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other caffeine
- Citrus oil extracts
- Fat trimmings
- Grapes, raisins, and currants
- Human vitamin supplements containing iron
- Milk and other dairy products
- Moldy or spoiled food
- Onions and garlic
- Pits from peaches and plums
- Raw eggs
- Raw meat
- Sugary foods
- Yeast dough
Ideally, you should be able to feel but not see the ribs and by looking straight down at the dog while she is standing there should be a recognizable waist. Ask your veterinarian if the weight of your dog is at a healthy weight during the next visit, and ask for examples of body condition scores. Check out our homepage for more posts on learning about the correct diet for your dog.